الخميس، 15 مايو، 2014

من فيردي لفرقة المندسين: تطور السلام الملكي المصري الى نشيد "حماة الديار"

قد يلاحظ البعض بوجود تشابهات عدة بين النشيد المصري القديم و نشيد حماة الديار (النشيد الوطني الحالي في سوريا). و لكن بعد القليل من البحث - و قد اكون مخطأ - اتضح لي ان نشيد حماة الديار اتى كنسخة معدلة للمقطوعة الاصلية، مما يثير الدهشة لفكرة انه تم اللجوء لتعديل اللحن بدلا من القيام بعمل ابداعي جديد.

طبقا لموقع مخصص لتاريخ الملك فاروق الاول (ملك مصر السابق)، فإن نشيد الملكي المصري كان من تأليف الملحن الإيطالي فيردي، و هو ايضا من قام بعمل "اوبرا عايدة".
  • كان السلام الوطنى المصرى يسمى بالسلام الملكى من تلحين الفنان الإيطالى فيردى وبالتحديد مارش الانتصار فى أوبرا عايدة وظل مستخدما كسلاما ملكيا لمصر من عام 1876 حتى عام 1958 ( تاريخ الوحدة المصرية السورية ) .
 المصدر: العلم الملكى المصرى ومراحل تطوره - موقع الملك فاروق الاول (تاريخ الوصول: 15-5-2015)
http://www.faroukmisr.net/egypt_royal_anthem.htm

و نلاحظ في هذا المقطع كيف كان السلام الملكي الاصلي قبل التعديلات التي ادخلت عليه في مراحل زمنية لاحقة




و يتضح جليا مدى فاخمة اللحن و التي تشبه الى حد ما المقاطع الاوبرالية  في ذلك الوقت- "مارش الانتصار - اوبرا عايدة" بالتحديد.

تم وقف العمل بهذا النشيد مؤقتا في مصر سنة 1952، و تم استبدالها ب"والله زمان يا سلاحي"، حتى قيام الولايات العربية المتحدة (الوحدة بين مصر و سوريا سنة 1958).




بعد انتهاء الوحدة بين مصر و سوريا، استمر العمل بسلام الجمهورية المتحدة في سوريا مع بعض التعديلات في الالحان و الكلمات، ليصبح مختلفا بعض شيء عن المقطوعة الاصلاية ليتحول الى نشيد "حماة الديار":


 

و مع الوقت و "ضرورات" الحداثة، قامت الجهورية العربية السورية باعادة توزيع و تسجيل النشيد و قامت بعمل فيديو مرافق كما هو مبين في الرابط ادناه:



و اخيرا و ليس آخرًا، مع اندلاع الثورة السورية، قامت احدى المجموعات تسمى "فرقة المندسين السوريين" بعمل نشيد موازي بكلامات مختلفة، تحمل في طياتها معاناة السوريين من الاحداث الجارية  - التي مازلت موجودة حتى كتابة هذه السطور في سوريا:




الملفت للنظر هو كيفية تحول مقطوعة موسيقية لمؤلف إيطالي من كونها السلام الوطني للمملكة المصرية السابقة الى نشيد حماة الديار بنسخها الموازية.

وهنا يحضرني الفيديو الذي لفت انتباهي للتسابه بين السلام المصري القديم و نشيد حماة الديار،
فبعيدا عن مبادئ القومية و الوطنية يلخص الفيديو ما آل اليه "حماة الديار" او - السلام الملكي القديم - بعد عقود عديدة في خدمة الدول و الحكومات المتعاقبة .



- كافة الحقوق الخاصة للفيديوهات تعود لاصحابها الاصلاين.

الأربعاء، 11 ديسمبر، 2013

The city of scars: How every corner of Cairo marks an incident of sexualized violence towards women.

A few days ago, I was walking down Tahrir St from Bab ElLouk/Falaky square on my way to a business banquet at Semiramis Intercontinental hotel, when the idea really hit me: We live in a city of Scars. As I pass by the shops on Tahrir St, scars and memories of the brutal, inhumane attacks on female protesters around November 2012 and afterwards all rush back into mind. 
 
For the past 3 years, ever since the Egyptian revolution started on January 25th 2011, a spirit of recapturing public spaces from the totalitarian state emerged in what has become known as “The Arab spring”.
In this wave of increasing activism and civil protest, Egypt unfortunately witnessed a surge in gender based attacks on women that chose to actively participate in public life[1]. Sexual harassment has been an epidemic for years in Egypt with statistics mentioning that 99.3% of women in Egypt are subject to sexual harassment on a daily basis[2]
 
Yet, sexual harassment  in the public sphere has taken a new, more violent form since the 2011 revolution:  Female protestors are now being attacked by mobs of harassers, are sometimes stripped naked and were in many occasions raped in Tahrir square.
 
Some of these cases I have witnessed myself, as a volunteer with OpAntiSH (Operations Anti Sexual Harassment):  A woman was brutally assaulted and then raped with a knife around the corner of Tahrir and Amir Kididar street.  On the opposite side of the same street, where it meets with Mohamed Mahmoud street and faces the AUC main campus gate, many other women were sexually harassed, had their clothes torn, assaulted and at times almost kidnapped; all because they decided to voice their dissent, opposition and practice their political rights
 
I can’t understand why men would, in masses,  grope a woman’s body, tear her clothes  and rape her. 
 
Contrary to popular belief in Egypt, these incidents of sexualized violence are not related to the victim’s clothing, looks, race, age or social class. The mob attacks target female protestors simply because they have decided to take to the streets and practice their right to access the public space and express their political opinion publicly. [3]
 
According to Egyptian law, harassment is an illegal act. However it’s not termed by word in legislation text and the terms rape or sexual assault  remain unclear in the Egyptian Criminal code. The law specifically mentions any “acts of indecency, or breach of personal honor, directed towards a female”  which still can be translated by a good lawyer and understanding judge into a conviction against a harasser/rapist.  
 
The real issue is with enforcing such laws (even with the current vague wording):  Although it’s quite common for people walking/standing by on a street to intervene and help others in case they were being robbed by thieves. Yet the same won’t happen with a woman who is being harassed by an assailant even if she calls out for help. In fact they might blame the victim, refuse to take the harasser to a police station or to testify against them and they would let the harasser escape.
 
There are also many challenges that women face if they decide to report harassment to police. At the police station, a woman reporting harassment would most probably get cross interrogated and questioned in an insensitive manner, disregarding of her personal condition and the humiliation of repeating her story to male police officers, over and over again.
 
With the lack of legal/social repercussions for harassers and rapists in Egypt, women remain vulnerable to street harassment from common, yet mild comments and ogling, to cases of extreme sexual violence; all that happening while the repeat harassers/rapists remain at large all over the city.
 
Have a look at HarassMap’s website: Despite the limited reach of its online outreach within the Egyptian population, there’s hardly not a city or area that’s not scarred with street sexual harassment.  
 
HarassMap is a volunteer based initiative that aims to end the social acceptability of sexual harassment in Egypt. Being a longtime volunteer and staff member myself,  I can tell you all the excuses, reasons and twisted logic that I’ve heard from many people on the street during our community outreach campaigns. 
 
These endless excuses play hand in hand with continued sexual violence that women face on a daily basis, be it Street harassment, mob assaults during Eid and political protests or domestic violence.
 
Yet, despite the gloominess of the current situation, the hope lies with the many young volunteers and social activists from HarassMap, OpAntiSH, Ded ElTaharaoush, Imprint and the many other movements working against sexualized violence in Egypt.
 
When HarassMap started in late 2010, there was hardly any anti-sexual harassment groups and there were many red lines, taboos that faced us back then while trying to conduct community street awareness campaigns.  Now there are more than a dozen campaigns, volunteer based initiatives that are active on the ground and on social media. The topic of sexual harassment is getting an increasing amount of society and media’s attention. Even the ministry of Interior recently started a pilot office tackling violence towards women. Whether such office would later be translated to a nationwide policy remains unclear, yet that step could have never been imagined a couple of years before the revolution.
 
We hope that with the volunteers continued efforts and more social response will lead to a critical point at which sexual harassment will be no longer socially acceptable hence; hence with more repercussions against harassers and safer streets for women.
 
Until then, Tahrir square will still be marked with all the violent incidents, no matter how much they plan to clean it, renovate it or let the grass grow over these scars… at least in my memory

Mohamed El-Khateeb – October 11th, 2013



[1] “An analytical paper:  women’s right to the general political domain” Nazra for feminist studies, July 28th, 2013

[2] “A study on ways to end to sexual harassment in Egypt” – Cairo Demographic Centre – National Planning institute in collaboration with UN WOMEN and UN Habitat Safe cities initiative, Spring 2013.

[3] “Testimony on the sexual harassment/assualt incidents - Tahrir - June 30th, 2013” – Mohamed W. ElKhateeb, URL link as on August 6th 2013 https://www.facebook.com/notes/mohamed-el-khateeb/testimony-on-the-sexual-harassmentassualt-incidents-tahrir-june-30th-2013/10151470851481333
and “Egyptians work to reclaim a Tahrir tainted by sexual assault” by
Kristen Chick, The Christian Science monitor, February 1st, 2013 - URL link as on August 6th 2013 http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2013/0201/Egyptians-work-to-reclaim-a-Tahrir-tainted-by-sexual-assault

الأحد، 3 نوفمبر، 2013

جوازٌ للسفر...



لماذا لا استطيع ان احمل حقيبتي و اسافر هكذا ببساطة؟

لماذا لا استطيع ان اسافر بلا خطط دقيقة و مفصلة بالدقيقة و بالساعة و لماذا علي ان اثبت ثرواتي و اظهر حساباتي و عملي و كل شيء عني!


لماذا يضيق البشر على بعضهم البعض، و يمارسون شتى انواع الذُل و الهوان في سبيل قطعة ورقية تلزق على جواز السفر قد لا تساوي في الحقيقة بضع جنيهات؟


لماذا علي ان ادون تاريخ حياتي على طلبات الفيزا و لماذا علي ان اجاوب على كل تلك الاسئلة التي لا معنى لها اساسا؟


لماذا اضطر لسؤال من احبهم ان يرسلوا لي "الدعوات" و لماذا عليهم ان يكتبوا بيناتهم و تاريخ حياتهم ايضا و ان ادخلهم معي في هذه الدوامة الا نهائية من الإجرائات الحكومية، من اجل ان يطلع عليها المسؤولين و غير المسؤولين و تحفظ في ارشيفات الاجهزة المختلفة.


لماذا علي ان اكشف عن كل هذه تفاصيل، و ان اقف اماهم كالعاري انتظر إكراميتهم و اشحذ رحمتهم ليسمحوا لي – انا المواطن الذليل القادم من "الدول النامية" – للسفر إلى بلادهم الكريمة؟!


ماذا فعلت لكل تلك الدول الغربية و الشرقية حتى احرم من الترحال في ارض الله مثل باقي البشر.. بين البلاد الجديدة و البعيدة دون قيود و لا ذل و لا طوابير امام موظفين مملين؟


ان الآوان لان اشطب هويتي و امزق جواز سفري، و اغرق احلامي و آمالي في الكؤوس النسيان و أنتظر يوما تتحرر فيه روحي من قيود الجسد و البشر.


وقتها سأسافر بعيدا الى مكان لا نحتاج فيه إلى جوازات سفر و لا تأشيرات دخول، حيث لا توجد مطارات و لا حدود،..  فقط الحرية.. الحرية المطلقة و لا شيء اخر.

السبت، 12 أكتوبر، 2013

Prayers by the sea


Oh Sea, 
You vast body of warmth and coldness..
Of joy and sorrow,
Of love and sadness..

Be gentle on my love and me,
Let your turquoise, blue waves slide gently on our chests 
As we swim by our side..

Keep our hearts attached and kindled with tenderness
As you carry our feelings across your opposite coasts.

And when its time for us to be together,
May your skies be clear for us to fly
Across your vast wide waters,
Letting us meet along your shore..

Oh Sea, 
You vast body of warmth and coldness..
Of joy and sorrow,
Of love and sadness..
Be gentle on my love and me..

الثلاثاء، 24 سبتمبر، 2013

Rasheed22: Call for space utilization by potential co-workers and help.


Rasheed22: Call for space utilization by potential co-workers and help.

“Now I understand you want a room… however we are a co-working space and we can provide you the space you need! ”


One of the many myths that people, especially 3antbanours (AKA Entrepreneurs) fall in, is that they want their very own “exclusive” space to work from; even if it means renting a whole apartment, or office when they really don’t need it. 


In fact, if you ever worked in a big corporation or Multi-National Corporation (like the writer of this article), you will probably end up working in a big space with many desks (and you’d be lucky if there are separators between the stations!). 


So what’s the deal with having your own room or “office”? 


There are a lot of reasons why people want to have an office for themselves: Privacy, have the space to focus, stability and peace of mind. Right? 


Well, renting out your own office space (or room) will definitely give you the privacy that you need. Yet, let’s face it, do you really need such abundant space when in fact you can share space with respectful others and contribute to the community. Especially if the place has a code of conduct that preserves people’s privacy and a “no-noise”, clean desk policies?


Let’s get back to big corporations: Why most MNCs have an office plan of big open spaces, with separated stations? 


The first reason is that it’s cost effective (Shared lighting, network/electric wiring, air-conditioning system etc) but really it’s more about the people. When all the employees of a specific department - with similar tasks and scope - share one space, there’s a feeling of belonging, affinity and visibility (you can literally see members of top managers working around you, if not on the station beside you!).


People be-friend each other, work together and at some point support each other when in need. 



Rasheed22, provides exactly that: “.. a space to meeting, working, learning, innovating and connecting; containing all the facilities needed to cultivate an idea, launch a project, host a meeting and run a business..” 
 (Source URL as on 24-9-2013: https://www.facebook.com/Rasheed22/info)


So if you’re here to either:

-          Start a new business (startup or a new idea)

-          Need a space to work/ write your research, thesis or study

-          Make use of the space to hold meetings/film screenings and community events

Then Rasheed22 is the place!


“Ok… so do you have an office attendant/are you fully serviced venue?”



Well, we’re not fully serviced and we do not have an office attendant at the moment. The reason why we don’t, is due to Rasheed22’s main concept of space use: “We are what we make of the space”.

In other words, co-workers participate in forming and developing the space; help in maintaining it and keep it a sustainable work environment. We do have a cleaning assistant that passes by every couple of weeks or based on the co-workers request. However we all share in making that happen, presenting a cost contribution in making Rasheed22 become a better space.


“Why is this a call for help if you’re looking for other co-workers to join the space?”


As mentioned above, Rasheed22 is made of up of it’s co-workers contribution.  This goes beyond paying the cost-contribution/rent or brining coffee supplies to the place: The co-workers contribute in setting up the space, making new co-workers feel comfortable working from Rasheed22 and help in it’s development.
 

“The current challenge…”


Rasheed22, just like the rest of Egypt is going through an immense challenge, that we hope you (and other potential co-workers out there..) to help us find solutions to.


We need to enhance the current space in order to be more efficient and host, comfortably and conveniently, more co-workers in both #2 and #16 apartments. Also we need someone with an internal decoration/artistic abilities in order to make Rasheed22 an attractive and even more vibrant co-working space.

At some point, we also need financial contributions (possibly materials too) to develop the current co-working rooms to become more comfortable and convenient for our co-workers.

Rasheed22, was one of the very few co-working spaces in Egypt when it launched back in 2007. Currently, there are many co-working spaces all around Egypt that tend to all segments of the community. 


It all started with a simple, non-commercial and community based idea in building number 22, Rasheed st Heliopolis, Cairo. Now, Rasheed22 needs our help to flourish and keep it’s door open for business and co-working. 


I believe in the community’s power to overcome even the most difficult challenges. I certainly believe that all of us can help save Rasheed22 and help it reach it best potential.





For online contributions, please visit:

http://www.betterplace.org/en/projects/7152-the-cairo-beautiful-spaces-liberation-movement